From a Trail of Tears to A River of Sadness - History Tends to Repeat Itself - [history][today]

in history •  5 months ago

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From a Trail of Tears to A River of Sadness


The 'Indian Problem'
Part I


The Lost Explorer Leads the Way


North America was first encountered by Leif Erikson and then by Erik the Red around the 11th and 12th centuries. It would be several hundreds years later, when a lost European named Christopher Columbus, under the Spanish flag, ran into the Caribbean Islands in October of 1492. Mistakenly thinking his ship had made it to Asia and the shores of India, he unwittingly called the local island natives "Indians."

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Columbus watches his hunting dogs feed on Natives

Almost immediately upon finding this land, the Europeans began the exploitation of both the land and its native inhabitants. The hundreds if not thousands of different native tribes who lived in North America had done so for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Europeans, but none had experienced the voracious greed and fervor of religious capitalism. Columbus almost immediately captured and enslaved natives he met in order to learn the source of their golden jewelry. Columbus would even enslave young girls and women to be used for the pleasures of his men.

It would not be long before the rest of Europe would follow Columbus to the supposedly "new" world. Spain would continue its expansion into this part of the world, with Juan Ponce de Leon killing many of the native tribes of what is now Florida, USA and Hernan Cortez would vanquish the great Aztec Empire by 1521 in what is now Mexico. Portugal quickly followed Spain to this "new" land. Portugal claimed parts of North and South America, with both countries bringing death and destruction for the local natives of these lands.

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The Spanish abusing the Amerindians

England lagged behind both Spain and Portugal mostly due to political and religious strife at the time. It would not be until Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry VIII, came into power that England truly began its imperialistic aspirations. At first, the British settled for allowing government sanctioned privateering/pirateering of Spanish ships coming with treasure from the new world. The British government received a portion while the pirates, like Sir Francis Drake, became wealthy. It came to a head with the British fleet defeating an attacking Spanish Armada of 130 ships in 1588. This great naval victory opened the seas to Great Britain's explorers, leading to the first permanent British North American Colony of Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.

The Second Wave

While the Spanish and Portuguese mainly focused on Mexico, Central and South America, other European nations began looking towards the north. With the Spanish and Portuguese fully occupied with their colonization of their parts of the world, it was now time for the Dutch, British, French, Russian and some smaller European nations to push their colonization efforts into full gear. The practice of conquering and indoctrinating by the Spanish and Portuguese was similarly practiced by these other nations.

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In 1620, the Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts. Fleeing English religious persecution, the Pilgrims left England for Holland. While in Holland, they were eventually granted a charter to start a colony allowing them to spread their religious beliefs under England's authority. This was now the founding of the second British colony on North American soil called Massachusetts.

By now the natives realized that like the Spanish, the English and the rest of the Europeans were not as friendly as they at first appeared. In Virginia, the English needed more land to grow tobacco, encroaching on more and more Native American lands. The forests were cleared, the wild game was hunted and more English settlements were built. Throughout North America, the newly arrived Europeans encroached so much on Native American lands that between 1540 - 1774 there were at least twelve major war between the different colonizers and the Native American Indians. Some wars were between opposing colonist backed by opposing Native American tribes on each side. As the Native Americans ceded more and more land from this violent encroachment, the British colonies multiplied, numbering 13 with an estimated population of some 2 to 3 Million colonists by 1776.

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When the American Revolutionary War was officially declared over during the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, it effectively doubled the United States in land size. The British gave up a large portion of their land holdings from the Allegheny Mountains west to the Mississippi River. The Spanish still controlled what today is Florida and large swaths of the American West, while France had the Louisiana Territory. France sold this land to the newly formed United States of America with the signing of the Louisiana Purchase Treaty in 1803. This added another 828,000 square miles of land to the United States.

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"Hunting Indians in Florida"

Between 1775 and 1842 there would be 15 more major wars between the ever expanding United States and the Native Americans. The Natives, having lived hundreds if not thousands of years upon their same ancestral lands defended their homes and many paid for it with their lives. In 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, granting (unsettled) lands west of the Mississippi to the natives located within boundaries of the United States in exchange for their tribal land, mostly in the Southeastern United States. Many tribes realized the futility of fighting while others refused to relocate, leading to warfare and other tragedies.

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Forced Migration of the Creek Native American Tribe

In 1831, the Choctaw Native American tribe was the first to be relocated from the Southeastern United States to what then was the unsettled territory of Oklahoma. After much fighting, many of the Seminole Native Americans were forcibly made to follow the Choctaw in 1832. The Creek Native Americans were forced to move in 1834 followed by the Chickasaw tribe in 1837. In 1838, the Cherokee Native American tribe was the last to follow in what would later become known as the "Trail of Tears." Over 50,000 Native American were displaced from their ancestral homelands, many forced to walk hundreds of miles to their new destination. The U.S. Government had promised the Natives support and transportation but failed to deliver on many of its promises, leading to many deaths of Native Americans as they made the treacherous journey west.

to be cont........



07/21/2018
Full Steem Ahead!
@streetstyle

sources:

http://wikipedia.org
http://www.ushistory.org/us/2.asp
https://www.history.com/topics/native-american-history/trail-of-tears
https://www.history.com/topics/pilgrims
http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-1433
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2959.html
https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/indian.html

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this will not be forgotten ever the history will be there thanks for sharing this post with us

Thank you for the history lesson, it was very interesting to know the inhabitants of America. It turns out that everything repeats. Thank you I will wait for the continuation

An excellent overview of American history, my friend and can immediately see and understand how much life was not simple! Thank you @ streetstyle

Oh yeah @streetstyle, the Indians played a big role in American history and they had a difficult fate. Thanks for the detailed historical analysis!

Thank you for sharing this wonderful historical information. I really like when there were people killed over the land :( Maybe that was necessary, but personally, I hate this kinda acts :(

Always interested in history, but I do not know much about America. Thank you for sharing with us, it's very interesting.

Sad. But it is history. We should be aware with that. Must be hated these kind of act from every one. Thanks for sharing history

The life is not that simple neither always simple and that is what this history reveals and history has its pain which only history can bear not the present era of human society.

You remember me thats sad thing again.
They wanna really do hard work for it.
Thanks for sharing thats kind of history.
Best regards from sujonxr.

its really a historical information ...thanks for sharing it sir

There have been many events in different parts of the world since ages. We can know these through the book. It is the same with the standard of the bridge in the past.

learn some new from your post, thanks for sharing this information with us..

its a sad history...thanks for give us this type of news

The history is incredible.

Thank you for giving me a lot of knowledge.

wow,its really impressive.
one of the best historical interest.keep it up sir @streetstyle.thjs historical inform is so educative.appreciate it

This post has received a 3.94 % upvote from @booster thanks to: @streetstyle.

this history torch my hart.
I like to read history because my main subject is history.
many many thanks for increase our knowledge .

It is a sad history in the world. Thanks for sharing the history.

It seems some hidden and dark part of the history is revealed and how cruel they were to built an epic civilization, how ever they connect the world with each other.

A lot of the horror stories about Columbus may be entirely fabricated, the fake news industry of his time had targeted Columbus pretty hard.

The hundreds if not thousands of different native tribes who lived in North America had done so for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Europeans, but none had experienced the voracious greed and fervor of religious capitalism.

This is also a myth, a progressive myth called "The Myth of the Noble Savage" the natives constantly fought wars with each other and engaged in slavery, in fact they took Europeans as slaves. The survivors of Roanoke were all taken as slaves and worked to death by the native Americans pounding copper. The first white guy to own a black slave in Texas was himself enslaved by native Americans.

The Mesoamerican cultures were already in decline when the Conquistadors arrived.

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Well, we know that the Catholics were definitely capable of such atrocities unless acts like the Spanish Inquisition also didn't happen? Since history shows that much of Europe was ruled through brutal force, one can conclude that such atrocities were in fact committed by the Europeans as they arrived to the Americas.
Yes the Natives warred amongst each other but nothing like what was perpetrated against them by the Europeans. The Natives had their rules and boundaries both within their tribes as well as amongst others. Life was not perfect but they lived with the land for hundreds if not thousands of years in a fairly harmonious manner.
And yes there were many individuals as well as tribes that were noble. Honor was very important in many if not all tribes, as well as respect for Elders, for family, for the land and even for friends, as the Pilgrims can attest.
The Myth you speak of was a typecast of the 18th century referring to all indigenous people of the world. In those days "Noble Savage" more or less translated to innocent wild man. One who doesn't know any better. It was also sometimes used as a social commentary against Europeans as well as to protect the indigenous through this characterization.
As for Roanoke, the history is that no one knows what happened to them not even the first European born in Jamestown, Virginia Dare. John Smith attempted to locate or at least learn of their fate in 1607, while the story of being enslaved came out in 1612. They were most likely killed by the Natives.
The Mesoamerican cultures had seen better days, but they could have been in a plateau rather than decline. The Conquistadors definitely put the Natives into a quick spiral down though.

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no one expects the Spanish Inquisition!

Woodcuts are not photographs. Did you ever wonder why someone would go so far as to make such a woodcut? obviously the idea was to make Columbus look bad right? Seems like evidence he was a controversial figure who some people didn't like in his own time, fake news is not new. These stories have been revived to serve modern anti-European narratives.

"Yes the Natives warred amongst each other but nothing like what was perpetrated against them by the Europeans. "

That's funny, have you not seen Apacalypto?

I don't recall the network but one of these history channel type shows presented pretty convincing evidence that all of those who they didn't slaughter, not very many, were taken as captives and forced to pound copper and they even found an Indian copper mine in the location the sources they had uncovered suggested they were worked to death.

Columbus and the Pilgrims were incredibly badass, Columbus is probably the most important individual organism in the history of the Earth and one of the most important in human history. Consider the organisms exchanged in the Columbian exchange, yes he was probably a sociopath, he took some slaves as was the custom among all people on earth at the time, there is no credible evidence of his more fantastic atrocities.

At the time everyone practiced slavery, there were few fossil fuels available. In the new world they didn't even have really have animal power so they probably relied even more on slave labor. Native Americans may not have liked smallpox but they did like horses and steel didn't they?

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Historical evidence points to the Europeans literally raping and pillaging to the near point of nearly annihilating Native Americans, similar to what happened to the American Bison....or that's fake news too?

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A wall of bison skulls
Sometimes seeing is believing, and sometimes it still isn't enough for some!

I also don't base my understanding of a whole continent full of different Native American Tribes based on one Blockbuster Movie as Hollywood would. Or did I mean to say "Would Not" you know a double negative because well I am tough on "hollywood"......hahhahahaha.....had to throw that in there.

There is a rock that was found in 1937 that claims to explain what happened to the Roanoke people, but the rock was "found" under dubious conditions. And the History show you speak of included two brothers who hunt for, get this, Giant Nephilim but when that doesn't work out become Roanoke archeologist. They found nothing at Roanoke but more questions.
Columbus was lost and got lucky when he found land.... thus naming non-indians Indians. He was also avaricious, as evidenced by his act of claiming to be the VERY FIRST to see land. You really believe the Captain of his own ship would be posted looking out at the endless sea waiting for first site of land. Of course not, he would have one of his men posted, and then when they found land, Columbus would just say it was him and receive the Kings reward for being the first to spot land. Not very righteous, team friendly or bad ass. Erik the Red and Leif Erikson, now they were bad ass!
I would consider Neil Armstrong for the title of most important person in Human History but since I don't believe NASA really went to the Moon, I then look to Martin Luther King as one of the greatest. An imperfect human being, but one who did not let even death stop him.
And I bet if we could go back in time and ask the Natives what they preferred, horses and steel or their original lives back.... I KNOW they would all have given up Western goods for their simple traditional lives, as imperfect as they were. Murder, war, rape and loss of your ancestral lands traded for Western goods and a Western lifestyle? I don't think so.

You received 15.22 % upvote as a reward From round 3 on 2018.07.21. Congrats!

Very good words really true, I liked that story had a long time without reading about that gender.

That's very interesting and so much historical story that you share with us, I hope we can know more historical inhabitants of America.. I am waiting for your next segment...

woo cristobal colon was the one who discovered America, and who discovered that there was life in several territories and also in my dearest veenzuels thanks for sharing about him, a true celebrity 😍

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Ese cabron estaba perdido @jordangerder

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Jajaja, para nadie es un secreto, eso es lo que nos han dicho durante toodo el periodo estudiantil, y es lo que ellos quieren creer 😅😓

great historia we have to know about our history to understand the present

we are not aware of our history but you described the history briefly,
Much knowledge is included in this post, thank you sharing. sharing is caring.

Those were the times of struggle and hardships.
We enjoy a simple and a good life.
People those times lived a life full of tears.