The Reign of Alexander The Great as a Catalyst For The Impact Of Greek Culture on the Areas of the Middle East
Both the time of Alexander and the Hellenistic dynasties, which took power after his death, is marked by a significant change in thinking about art. In some respects, the idea is directed towards the ostentatious expression of military power. The impact of Hellenization has left its mark on the art and architecture of the newly conquered territories in the east. A characteristic feature of the art of the period in question is the surprising spread of twin styles in very spatially and temporally distant places: from Persia to India, Siberia; from V to the I century BC. Intensive migrations of peoples favoured this tendency. This is his influence and authority on the art of Persia, Mesopotamia and Bactria.
Seleucid prince, perhaps Attalus II of Pergamon, 3rd-2nd centuries BC, Author:Marie-Lan Nguyen License:Public Domain
Antiochus I of Commagene, shaking hands with Heracles, 70–38 BC, Arsameia, Author:Klaus-Peter Simon License:CC BY-SA 3.0
Marble head of a Parthian queen, late 1st century B.C.E., from Susa, Iran Bastan Museum, Tehran, Author:Darafsh License:CC BY-SA 3.0
Coin of Andragoras, the last Seleucid satrap of Parthia. He proclaimed independence around 250 BC, Author:http://www.cngcoins.com License:CC BY-SA 3.0
Coin of Mithridates I (R. 171–138 BC). The reverse shows Heracles, Author:http://www.cngcoins.com License:CC BY-SA 3.0
Silver bowl with figures set in a landscape of trees,Tibet 1st/2nd cent. AD (?).(After DCAA),Author:https://erenow.com
Silver cup with classicizing scenes including Herakles attacking a seated man. 1st/2nd cent. AD (?) St Petersburg, Hermitage Museum, Author:https://erenow.com
Map of the Greco-Bactrian at its maximum extent, circa 180 BC, Author: World Imaging License:CC BY-SA 3.0
Corinthian capital, found at Ai-Khanoum, 2nd century BC, Author: World Imaging License:public domain
The city of Alexandria on the Oxus (now Ai Khanoum) founded by Alexander has many features of the Hellenistic city: it had a theatre, a gymnasium and buildings with colonnades typical of Greek cities. Sacred architecture, however, remained strictly oriental in Ai Khanoum.
Greek and Indian flame palmettes. Left: Flame palmette at Didyma, Ionia, c.300 BCE. Middle: Pataliputra capital, India, 3rd c.BCE. Right: Ashoka's Diamond throne, Bodh Gaya, India, 250 BCE, Author: Radomil License:CC BY-SA 3.0
Votive altar with Marsyas, dedicated to the River-God Oxus, from Taḵt-e sangin, Author: Boardman, Diffusion of Classical Art License:public domain
Silver gilt phaleron from Novouzensk, featuring a war elephant with turreted howdah and a ketos on the saddle cloth, St Petersburg, Hermitage Museum, Author: https://erenow.com
Silver gilt phaleron with a stretched griffin, from Novouzensk, St Petersburg, Hermitage Museum, Author: https://erenow.com
Authored by @highonthehog
Images: sources linked below
Boardman, J., The Diffusion of Classical Art in Antiquity, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1993
Boardman, J., Greek sculpture: The Late Classical Period, Thames and Hudson, London, 1995
Steele, J., Hellenistic Architecture in Asia Minor, Academy Editions, London, 1992
Green, P., Hellenistic History and Culture University of California Press, 1996
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